Halal Travel to Ottawa
Covid-19 Situation in Canada
Ottawa is Canada’s capital. With a million citizens, it is Canada’s sixth-largest city, and Ontario’s second-largest city. Across the Ottawa river is Gatineau, Quebec.
While most Ottawans are English-speaking, 15% speak French natively, making Ottawa Canada’s largest Francophone city outside of Quebec. Visitors come to Ottawa to see Parliament Hill, as well as the national museums.
Introduction to Ottawa
History of Ottawa
Ottawa started as a humble lumber town called Bytown; it was named after Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers who oversaw the construction of the Rideau Canal, now a UNESCO World Heritage site, much of which was done by hand, between 1826 and 1832. Lumber mills were built along the Ottawa River in the mid-nineteenth century and those brought employment and wealth to the growing population. The centre of action then, as now, was the Byward Market. While it is still the centre of the city’s nightlife, it has changed appreciably from the rough and tumble early days of brothels and taverns.
In 1857, Queen Victoria chose Ottawa as the capital of Canada. The choice was controversial, partly because it sidestepped the rivalry between Toronto and Montreal (then, as now, Canada’s largest cities), and partly because the new capital was still a tiny outpost in the middle of nothing much — an American newspaper famously commented that it was impregnable, as any invaders would get lost in the woods looking for it.
During the latter half of the nineteenth century, the telephone was demonstrated to the Canadian public for the first time here and the city was electrified. The first electric streetcar service was started in 1891. A menu from 1892 states that, “the first instance in the entire world of an entire meal being cooked by Electricity” was in Ottawa.
Today, the major economic sectors are the public service, travel and tourism and the rapidly growing high-tech industry, which has earned the city the name “Silicon Valley North”. Ottawa has remained a green city and is situated at the confluence of three rivers (Ottawa, Rideau and Gatineau) and of the Rideau Canal. Many residents make regular use of Ottawa’s parks and green spaces, bikeways and cross country ski trails. Many national attractions are located in Ottawa: Parliament Hill, the National Library and Archives, the National Gallery, and the Museums of History, Contemporary Photography, Nature, War, and Science & Technology.
In addition to the Capital Information Kiosk, the tourist office’s eager helpers can be found in public places, ready to answer questions in French or English. You can identify them by their blue uniforms with white question marks (“?”).
- Capital Information Kiosk, 90 Wellington Street (opposite Parliament Hill), , toll-free: . 10AM-5PM daily. Excellent first stop for all kinds of tourist information, in friendly and fluent English and French. This is the office which issues free tickets for tours of the Parliament buildings. free.
- Macdonald-Cartier International Airport. is Ottawa’s main airport with regular arrivals and departures from most major Canadian and many American cities. Services outside North America, however, are limited to a daily flight to London Heathrow and a daily flight to Frankfurt with Air Canada, plus seasonal service to London Gatwick. Air France, KLM, and Swiss International Airlines provide shuttle bus services between Ottawa and Montreal that facilitate connections with their flights operated from Trudeau International Airport. This trip takes about two hours. Via Rail operates a shuttle bus from the Dorval train station to nearby Trudeau International Airport. This free shuttle service allows one to travel from Ottawa to Dorval (a suburb of Montreal) by rail, and then transfer directly to the airport on a dedicated on-demand bus.
Macdonald-Cartier is easily reached by public transit or taxi and most of the major car rental agencies have a presence at the airport terminal in the parking garage. A taxi to downtown hotels should cost between $25 and $35, while a taxi to nearby hotels should not cost more than $10.
To reach downtown via public transit, take the #97 bus (the only bus at the airport, outside at arrivals at pole #12) and get out at the Mackenzie King transitway stop (14 stops away) at the Rideau Centre shopping mall. If you take this route before 6AM, you will likely follow the more meandering early morning route but will still get to Mackenzie King. To get to the train station, you still take the #97 bus but get out at Hurdman station (10 stops away) and transfer to the #61 or #62 bus (direction St. Laurent) to the next stop which is the train station. The bus fare is $3.50 which gives you 1½ hours of unlimited bus travel or $10.50 for an all-day pass. Exact change is required, Remember to ask the bus driver for a transfer even if you do not intend to transfer to another bus as proof of payment. You could be fined if you do not have one.
There is a Voyageur/Greyhound terminal in Ottawa with regular service to Montreal (departure on the hour from 6AM to midnight), Toronto and other cities in North America. The bus terminal is downtown on the corner of Catherine Street and Kent Street, between Bronson Avenue and Bank Street. Though the bus terminal is downtown, a 15-20 minute walk will get you to most hotels and downtown attractions. Alternatively, a 5-10 minute local bus ride will do the same. (Bus #4, with its stop around the corner from the terminal on Kent Street, is the bus that you will want to take.)
Greyhound Canada buses coming from Montreal also usually make an intermediary “University of Ottawa” stop (actually at Laurier Station near the corner of Laurier Avenue East and Waller Street) before going to the Catherine Street terminal. This stop is closer walking distance to the Byward Market, the Rideau Canal, and Parliament Hill, and is a more central city transit hub. It may be necessary to request the stop with the driver.
In 2014, a coach from Toronto cost between $34 and $73 ($48 with a Hostelling International discount) and took 5 to 6 hours. There were 8 coaches a day.
A taxi to most downtown hotels should cost between $8 and $15. OC-Transpo buses are much cheaper but payable in cash (change not available) or Presto fare card. A daily bus pass is also available for purchase on the bus.
Passenger train service is run by Via Rail in Canada and the main train station in Ottawa, Ottawa Station (), is less than ten minutes from downtown by car, taxi or bus. There are six trains daily leaving for Montreal and intermediate points, with five trains daily to Toronto and points in between. Service is reduced on Saturday, Sundays and holidays.
Ottawa has two train stations, the Ottawa Station near downtown, and a secondary station, Fallowfield Station, in the western suburb of Barrhaven, convenient for Nepean and Kanata points. All trains to Toronto stop at Fallowfield; two of the six weekday trains to Montreal originate or terminate at Fallowfield.
Bus routes 61 and 62 (direction Terry Fox & Stittsville – but not St. Laurent) link Ottawa Station to downtown. 61/62 buses stop at an island platform at the station building entrance. When traveling from downtown to Ottawa Station, take 61/62 buses toward St. Laurent avoiding those terminating at Hurdman. After the Confederation Line opens, hopefully sometime in 2018, there will be light rail trains running between Tremblay Station (under construction 100 metres from Ottawa Station) and downtown.
It is possible to get downtown from the main train station on foot, although it requires a bit of navigation. This path should not be taken alone after dark and may be flooded after periods of intense rain or snow melting. Have a street map with you so you can locate yourself once you have reached Strathcona Park. The station to Strathcona Park takes about half an hour (2½ km). Another half hour from the park to downtown. A map is available online. (Due to the construction of a light rail line, these directions might not be accurate until mid-2019.)
- On exiting the station, walk along the west (left-hand) arm of the vehicle loop and across the Transitway bridge.
- Before reaching Tremblay Road, take the bike path to your left going west.
- The path will take you along the bus lanes and will pass over Riverside Drive.
- You will merge with a path coming up from Riverside Drive; continue walking west, away from the street.
- Shortly after that, you will come to a fork; go right (north) and continue until you see a pedestrian bridge on your left.
- Take the pedestrian bridge over the Rideau River.
- Immediately after the pedestrian bridge, turn right towards the north.
- Take the paved bike path, go under the highway bridge and keep following the Rideau River northward for about 1 km.
- Once you reach the end of the path, you are in Strathcona Park.
- Use a street map or an on-line map service to find your way from Strathcona Park to your downtown destination; at the north end of the park is Laurier Avenue, a major east-west street; parallel to it and several blocks north is Rideau Street.
The Ottawa River is navigable from Ottawa to Montréal, but is blocked to the west by rapids within Ottawa-Hull.
The city is also accessible via the Rideau Canal, a UNESCO World Heritage List, which runs from the St. Lawrence River at Kingston to the Ottawa River at Ottawa where it empties via a series of locks. It is possible to dock at Dow’s Lake Pavilion and at points along the Rideau Canal and Ottawa River near downtown.
By car, Ottawa is about a 4½-hour trip from Toronto via the 401 and 416 highways. Highway 7 is shorter (405 km (252 mi) vs. 450 km (280 mi)) but this more scenic route through Peterborough is two lanes almost all the way, saving you no time.
Montreal is 2-3 hours away via Highway 417, the Trans-Canada Highway. The American border at Prescott-Ogdensburg is forty-five minutes from Ottawa’s western suburbs (at the opposite end of Highway 416) with Interstate 81 60km (40 miles) further upriver in the Thousand Islands.
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Note: In early 2019, the O-Train Confederation Line is expected to open, at which time many of the bus routes described in this article will be modified.
The city’s public transit, run by OC Transpo, includes the bus service and the O-Train Trillium Line, a light rail line. The network includes the Transitway, a bus rapid transit system running through and out of downtown partly on bus-only roads, with service as frequent as 1 to 2 minutes at rush hour). The City of Ottawa is building the O-Train Confederation Line, a second light rail line; many OC Transpo routes will be affected during the 2013-2018 construction period.
As of January 1, 2018, the cash fare for regular routes is $3.50 for adults and youth (13-64), $2.65 for seniors (65+), $1.80 for children (6-12). Seniors can ride the OC Transpo system free on Wednesdays (except Para Transpo). Children 5 and under always ride for free. Payment is by exact change or the Presto fare card. If you pay cash, make sure that you are given a transfer to act as proof of payment. Your fare allows you to ride any buses and the O-Train for roughly 1½ hours including stop-overs and a return trip.
A day pass can be purchased for $10.50 and is good for buses and the O-Train. On Sundays and statutory holidays, up to two adults and four children, age 11 and under can share a day pass. Buy the pass from the bus driver using exact cash or Presto fare card. Day passes are also available from O-Train ticket vending machines and customer service centres.
O-Train stations (except Bayview station) have ticket vending machines that issue a single-ride ticket. The O-Train ticket acts as a transfer which expires 90 minutes after purchase.
You can buy a Presto card for $6.00 (non-refundable) plus a minimum $10 balance at a Customer Service Centre, by phone(+1 877-378-6123) or online. Have a Customer Service Centre add the birth date to a Presto card for a senior or a child; this ensures that a senior or child gets the appropriate fare discounts. The Presto card is also valid in the Greater Toronto Area, which is useful if you are visiting both Toronto and Ottawa.
Presto card readers are available on buses at the front door (and also at the rear door of long, articulated buses) and on O-Train platforms. Paying the fare by tapping the Presto card on the reader will also record a 1½ hour transfer period on the card. Tap your Presto card every time you board a vehicle. Upon the first tap, the Presto machine will momentarily display the fare deducted and the Presto balance remaining. When you subsequently tap within the transfer period, the Presto machine will display the minutes left in the transfer period.
OC Transpo has a Customer Service Centre in the Rideau Centre, 3rd floor, above the corner of Rideau Street and Colonel By Drive in downtown Ottawa. There are others at major bus stations – Lincoln Fields in the west end, Place d’Orleans and St. Laurent in the east – but for most travellers the downtown one will be more convenient.
Although the downtown is very walkable, if you are within the downtown area (Lebreton station to Campus station), you can take any bus going east-west. If you are going to the Byward Market from the Transitway (61, 62, 85, 86, 87, 94, 95, 97 and others), get off at Rideau Centre and walk through the mall to the other end. To go north-south, take route 4 along Bronson Avenue, or route 6 and route 7 along Bank Street.
The city’s two main universities are accessible from this system: University of Ottawa at the Laurier or Campus stations on routes 95, 97, etc., and Carleton University at the Carleton stop on the O-Train Trillium Line or bus routes 10 and 7. The smaller St. Paul University is on route 5. Algonquin College is next to Baseline Station which is on the transitway and has many routes; route 88 goes there and has a few other stops on the Algonquin campus.
OC Transpo bus 44 connects downtown Ottawa to Gatineau, Quebec terminating in front of the Canadian Museum of History; it uses OC Transpo fare media, including Presto, even when boarding in Gatineau. Many Gatineau buses (marked “STO” – Société de transport de l’Outaouais) come into Ottawa and can be caught on Rideau Street near Sussex Drive. The colour schemes for the two transit systems are different, red and white for OC Transpo but blue and white for STO. OC Transpo and STO accept each other’s transfers including O-Train tickets; however, STO does not accept the Presto fare card. STO accepts the OC Transpo day pass but not as a group pass.
Taxis are easy to find downtown; elsewhere, phone for a cab. All taxis should have a meter and the base charge is $2.45, and overall rates are quite high compared to most other North American cities. A ride from downtown to the airport will be costly, running between $25 and $35 for a trip that will take less than a half-hour outside of peak traffic periods. Cabs will not take credit cards for fares below $10. Most cab drivers know Ottawa well, but have clear instructions if you’re going anywhere in the suburbs as many developments in the outskirts are relatively new. Ottawa cabs aren’t supposed to pick up customers off the street on the Quebec side; the converse applies to Quebec cabs in Ottawa. You may phone a Quebec cab if you are in Ottawa and vice versa.
Uber is available in Ottawa too.
Parking at most attractions is convenient, though on-street parking in downtown areas is at a premium (more expensive than most other cities in North America). If you are driving to downtown on the weekend, parking is free in the garage at the World Exchange Plaza. There are entrances to the garage on Metcalfe Street and on Queen Street. A map is useful if you are going to be driving around downtown as many of the streets are one-way and more than one visitor has complained about navigating the downtown core. Drivers in Ottawa are rated as some of the worst in Canada, often failing to signal for lane changes or making “illegal” turns into far lanes rather than the ideal/closest lane.
Most major car rental companies have several offices in Ottawa with all of them represented downtown and at the airport.
Driving while talking on your cell phone is illegal in Ontario unless you use a hands-free system.
Ottawa is a great city to explore on foot, though in winter you need good clothes and boots to consider it. With pedestrian-friendly streets and the density of attractions, a car is expensive and unnecessary for the most part. An excellent place to start any tour of Ottawa is the Capital Information Kiosk, at 90 Wellington Street, directly across from the Parliament buildings. They have maps and brochures for most tourist attractions in Ottawa, many of which are within walking distance.
Popular pedestrian areas, especially during spring and summer months, are the various streets in the Byward Market. Sparks Street, running through downtown parallel to the Parliament Buildings, is a popular pedestrian area during the day and night, particularly in the spring and summer months.
Guided walking tours are available with Ottawa Walking Tours, which include some history and other tidbits of trivia not commonly known. Especially popular is the Haunted Walk of Ottawa that provides a variety of walking tours focusing on the city’s darker and more offbeat past.
Ottawa is a city with a truly continental climate. In winter, exposed skin can freeze in minutes or less, so layer up on the clothing and protect yourself by wearing a hat (toque or hunters cap), gloves and boots. Despite being closer to the North Pole than the equator, summer temperature and humidity can be oppressively high, so bring water if you’re doing any amount of walking or cycling. If you are on the public pathways near the canal or the river, there are drinking fountains to refill your bottles. Also, don’t forget the mosquito repellent.
If you happen to be in Ottawa around early June, make sure you check the website of Jane’s Walk Ottawa, an annual festival of free neighbourhood walking tours organised by volunteers. Jane’s Walk is a pedestrian-focused event that improves urban literacy by offering insights into local history, planning, design, and civic engagement through the simple act of walking and observing. They are a lot of fun and you will hear stories that you won’t find in any guide book.
Bicycling is one of the best ways to see Ottawa up close. You can cover a lot of ground, stop anywhere to sight-see, and enjoy the ambiance of the city. The downtown is very well-served by protected cycling infrastructure, and paths run along the canal and the rivers, including into Gatineau on the Quebec side. In the summer, the downtown bike corridor on Laurier Ave counts 70,000 bike rides a month. The bike routes along the canal see around 350,000 bike rides a year. Again, you may want to start immediately opposite Parliament Hill to pick up a map of the area (in the World Exchange Plaza’s NCC booth in the main hallway) or find a bicycle rental. Cycling to the attractions around downtown Ottawa is a great way to get around, but don’t ignore the Gatineau side of the river. The city has several attractions along the river including the Museum of History and if you want to really stretch your legs, Gatineau Park has many great cycling paths; the Champlain Look Out has a wonderful view over the Ottawa Valley.
There are usually a few options for renting bicycles downtown, including Bike Dump, Right Bike and of course you can always bring your own. You can also get a bicycle for shorter time periods via VeloGo bike sharing system. About 20 bike stations are to be found mainly in downtown Ottawa and a bit further south along te canal and Dow’s Lake. and across the Ottawa River in Gatineau. Velogo is designed for short trips; find pricing on their website. Rentabike is a well-equipped bike rental across from the hotel Château Laurier, underneath the intersection. From this central location, pathways along the Rideau Canal are suitable for cycling south or north.
The city is criss-crossed by over 170 km of multi-use bike paths, shared with pedestrians and in-line skaters. Dogs on leash are allowed along many of the paths, but only if the owner is on foot. Many paths are unlit at night, so careful that you don’t ride into a leash between the dog and its owner. The maximum speed on the pathways is 20 km/h (13 mph).
The National Capital Commission closes 50 km of roadways to cars every Sunday during the summer from Victoria Day (late May) to Labour Day (early September) allowing for cycling, in-line skating and walking on these roadways. For route suggestions, check local bloggers websites:
OC Transpo has bicycle racks on the front of many buses (seasonally). You can load your bike on the rack and then ride the bus for the normal passenger fare. The O-Train will take bikes as well.
The City of Ottawa has bike repair stations in public spaces along paths and across from City Hall, at libraries and community centres. The stations consist of a pump and the most important tools, connected to a base with steel cables.
Long time advocacy group Bike Ottawa (since 1984) maintains an extensive website with a set of interactive bicycle route maps that rate all bicycle routes through Ottawa and Gatineau on a 1-4 scale, with 1 being child-friendly and 4 being very stressful. They also make available information on infrastructure progress. Contact them also with questions about routes, concerns and popular destinations. Although it is a volunteer-run organisation, they are usually fairly fast in responding. #ottbike is the commonly used hashtag on social media.
The primary attraction for most visitors is Parliament Hill. Parliament Hill is in the middle of downtown Ottawa, overlooking the Ottawa River. Not only is the building a fine example of the Gothic revival style, it makes an excellent starting point to visit all other points of interest in the area.
- The Changing of the Guard takes place daily on the lawns of Parliament at 9AM. The Governor General’s Foot Guards can also be seen at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and at Rideau Hall.
Tours of the building are available daily with multiple tours (in English and French) available at staggered times throughout the day. If you have a group of greater than 10 people, you must make a reservation in advance by calling the reservations office at +1 613-996-0896. The admission is free, but you need tickets (one for the Centre Block, one for the East Block) which you get at the office. The office opens at 9am, but because of the interest in the summer, you should stand in line at least at 8.30am or even earlier. It can take an hour or more until you reach the desk and get your tickets.
- The Centre Block tour is the most popular as it includes inside views of the House of Commons, the Senate, and the newly renovated Library of Parliament. Same-day tickets are free and available on a first-come-first-served basis from 9AM. Pick up your ticket as early as possible to have the best chance of securing a start time that works for you. Tours last from 20 to 60 minutes depending on building activity.
- From July 2 to Labour Day (early September), tours of the East Block are also available; tour guides take you through the restored offices of some of the Fathers of Confederation (Sir John A. Macdonald, Sir George-Etienne Cartier, Governor General Lord Dufferin and the original Privy Council Office) explaining the beginnings of the Dominion of Canada while historical characters let you in on the daily lives of Canada’s past politicians. Tours last about an hour and free same-day tickets can be picked up at the Info-tent on the Hill by West Block.
- If there are no more tickets available, or you have to wait for your time, a fine self-guided walking tour around the grounds of Parliament Hill will keep you busy. Free booklets are available at the visitors’ centre.
- One of the nicer, unexpected views, looking from the bottom up, can be accessed at the back of the Parliament Buildings—that vantage point also provides a river view of the Canadian Museum of History, across the river in downtown Gatineau (a sector that was formerly the city of Hull).
- Behind the Parliament Buildings at sunset is a sight to remember. You can walk by the Rideau Canal locks (at the east corner) and visit the Bytown Museum at the level of the canal.
- The locks divide Parliament Hill from the Chateau Laurier, a former railway hotel (see below).
- Mosaika Parliament Hill Sound & Light Show. Developed by the National Capital Commission, the Sound & Light Show is a 30-minute film about Canada projected on the Centre Block of the Parliament Buildings. Bleacher seating is available and no reservations or tickets are required. There is one show nightly until September at 21:30.
There are many national museums and galleries in Ottawa and neighbouring Gatineau. All museums in Ottawa have free admission on Canada Day, July 1, although they are generally very crowded then.
- Bank of Canada Currency Museum, 30 Bank St. 10AM-5PM. Free.
- Bytown Museum, 1 Canal Ln (at the Rideau Canal locks between Parliament Hill and Chateau Laurier). Victoria Day weekend-Thanksgiving Day: F-W 10AM-5PM, Th 10AM-9PM. Rest of year: Tu-Su 11AM-4PM. A small museum at the foot of Parliament Hill with a focus on Ottawa’s early history. $6 adults, $4 seniors/students/youth, $3 children 5-12, $15 families (2 adults plus three children under 18), free for children 4 and under. Free admission Th 5PM-9PM from Victoria Day-Thanksgiving Day.
- Canada Agriculture Museum, 861 Prince of Wales Dr, , toll-free: . Exhibitions: 9AM-5PM daily late Feb-late Nov. Animal barns: 9AM-5PM daily all year. A working animal farm in the city. You can visit animal barns, see various demonstrations and exhibitions, and ride on a horse-drawn wagon. The museum also has a playground and picnic area. It is very popular with young children and a welcome change of pace for kids who have seen enough history after visiting some of the other sights. $7 adults, $6 students/seniors, $4 children 3-14, $16 families (2 adults and 3 children), free for children under 3. Seniors free on Tuesday. Admission to animal barns is by donation during time of year when the exhibitions are closed.
- Canada Aviation Museum, 11 Aviation Parkway (at Ottawa/Rockcliffe Airport), , toll-free: , fax: . 9AM-5PM daily. Former RCAF base with civilian and military aircraft ranging from pre-World War I to modern, including 1920s-1940s bush planes, war planes from both World Wars and the Cold War, surviving components of the 1950s’ Avro Arrow interceptor and Space Shuttle Endeavor’s Canadarm, a Canadian-built robotic arm. Guided tours, boutique. $13, student/seniors $10.
- Canadian Museum of History, 100 Laurier Street, Hull, , toll-free: . Sept–June: M-W F–Su 9:30AM–5PM, Th 9:30AM–8PM. June–Sept: M–W, F–Su 9:30AM–6PM, Th 9:30AM–8PM. This museum presents the story of Canada’s population. You can spend here nearly a whole day. For more information, see the museum’s entry on the Gatineau page. $10 for adult. A joint War Museum and Museum of History ticket can be purchased for $15. Free on Th after 4PM.
- Canadian Museum of Nature, 240 McLeod St. Ottawa, ON. K2P2R1, , toll-free: . Tu W F-Su 9AM-5PM; Th 9AM-8PM. Open on some holiday Mondays. Galleries of fossils, mammals, birds and geology among others. Free admission Thursdays after 5PM and all day Canada Day (July 1st) $13.50 adult (general admission).
- Canadian War Museum, 1 Vimy Place, , toll-free: . Sept–June: M–W F–Su 9:30AM–5PM, Th 9:30AM–8PM. June–Sept: M–W F–Su 9:30AM–6PM, Th 9:30AM–8PM. The museum presents Canada’s involvement in armed conflict beginning with battles between the French and British, through to the World Wars, Korea, and the country’s current involvement in NATO and UN operations. $12 for adults. A joint War Museum and Museum of History ticket $18 (good for one entry into each museum in a three-day period). Free on Th after 6PM, and on November 11.
- Carleton University Art Gallery, St. Patrick’s Building, 1125 Colonel By Drive. Tu-F 10AM-5PM, Sa Su noon-5PM. free.
- Diefenbunker – Canada’s Cold War Museum, 3911 Carp Road, Carp (from Ottawa, take Highway 417 west to exit 144, then go north on Carp Road, watch for the sign on the left side of the road), toll-free: . Self-guided tours 11AM-4PM daily. Built to protect the government from nuclear attack, this once-secret bunker is now a museum and National Historic Site of Canada. “Diefenbunker” is a play on “Diefenbaker”, the Canadian prime minister in the 1950s who authorized the construction of the facility. In addition to preserving and promoting Canada’s Cold War history, the museum offers a variety of visitor programs and services. You can learn, play or shop as you discover the bunker’s secrets and relive the experience of the Cold War. Guided tours by reservation only. If you do not have access to a vehicle and are willing to do a 50 minute bus ride plus pay a $30 taxi, you can # take the OcTranpo #95 or #97; # Transfer to the #93 at Lincoln Fields; # Get off at the Legget / Ad. 515 stop; # Walk 3 minutes to Brookstreet Hotel; # Take a taxi to the Diefenbunker. $14 adults, $13 seniors, $10 students , $8 youth 6-18, $40 families (2 adults plus 3 youth), free for children 5 and under.
- Laurier House National Historic Site, 335 Laurier Ave., , toll-free: . May 1-Jun 30: Th-M 10:00-17:00. 1878 house that is the former residence of two Canadian prime ministers: Sir Wilfrid Laurier (for whom the house is named) and William Lyon Mackenzie King. Adult $3.90, Senior (65+) $3.40, Youth (17 and under) free.
- National Gallery, 380 Sussex Dr. Photography, traditional and modern art from Canadian and international artists. Housed inside a glass building with a giant spider structure on the outside. Free admission Th after 5PM.
- Science and Technology Museum. Tu-Su 9AM-5PM. Several displays are popular with children, including massive locomotives inside the building and electricity demonstrations. Re-opened on November 17, 2017, after years of renovations because of a mould problem, this museum is even more family-friendly than it was before its forced closure. Adult $17, Youth (3-17) $11, Senior (60+) / Student $13.
- Ottawa 67’s, TD Place Arena, 1015 Bank St. Ontario Hockey League (OHL)
- Ottawa Fury, TD Place Stadium, 1015 Bank St. United Soccer League
- Ottawa Harlequins, Twin Elm Rugby Park. Rugby Canada Super League
- Ottawa RedBlacks, TD Place Stadium, 1015 Bank St, , ✉ email@example.com. Canadian Football League (CFL)
- Ottawa Senators, Canadian Tire Centre, 1000 Palladium Dr. National Hockey League (NHL)
Ottawa has dozens of neighbourhood parks and other parcels of green space in the urban core.
- Nepean Point, Alexandra Bridge (behind the National Gallery). Daily 08:00-23:00. A quiet place to watch the sun set, or to take photos of Parliament Hill, the National Gallery, the Museum of History, and the Royal Canadian Mint from angles that don’t usually end up in the tourist brochures. Nepean Point is also home to a statue of Samuel de Champlain, and the Astrolabe Theatre (one of the better places to watch the fireworks from on July 1). However, the point is not accessible if you’re in a wheelchair.
- Strathcona Park, 25 Range Road. Strathcona Park is at the eastern end of the Sandy Hill neighbourhood, and is the centerpiece of “Embassy Row”. Be sure to see the Lord Strathcona Fountain at the park’s north end, and Stephen Brathwaite’s play structure (which looks like a ruined building in miniature) in the middle of the park.
- Commissioners Park (at Preston Street & Queen Elizabeth Drive near Carling O-Train station). Located adjacent to Dows Lake, where you can rent boats, it features the Festival of Tulips in May. In summer, there are a number of flower beds with flowers arranged by colour in attractive patterns.
- Hartwell’s Lockstation (west side of Carleton University, 400m from Carleton O-Train station). Pictoresque lock station within a park along the Rideau Canal. One could walk across the locks and continue north to Dows Lake near Carling O-Train station, or northwest to the Canada Agriculture Museum.
- Rideau Hall, 1 Sussex Dr, , toll-free: . Residence tour (without reservations): Apr 30-Jun 26: Saturday to Sunday 10AM-4PM, Jun 27-Sep 5: 10AM-4PM daily (unguided open-house tours available Jul-Aug), Sep 6-Oct 30: Saturday to Sunday noon-4PM. Advance reservations required for tours at any time from Nov-Apr, and weekdays May-Jun and Sep-6-Oct 30. Grounds tour: 8AM-1 hour before sunset daily. The official residence of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and her representative the Governor General of Canada. The grounds and the residence are open to the public for tours. Reservations are recommended during low season (September 1 – April 30). Free.
- Royal Canadian Mint, 320 Sussex Drive (a five-minute walk north of the National Gallery), , toll-free: . 9AM-6PM. Canada’s commemorative and collectable coinage is minted here (circulation coinage is minted in Winnipeg), as were the medals for the 2010 Olympics. Tours are available, and there is no charge if you only want to visit the boutique. Price varies depending on day of the week and age of person, group discount rates available.
- Supreme Court of Canada. Canada’s highest court and the best example in Ottawa of Art Deco architecture. Its marble Grand Entrance Hall is particularly impressive. The visit includes a tour in the Federal Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Canada hearing room. The visits last about 30 minutes and are provided by law students hired at the Court. The Court is a 5-minute walk from Parliament. Tours are offered in French on the half hour and in English on the hour. No reservations are needed between May 1 and August 30. Visitor reservations are required between September 1 to April 30. Free.
There are walking tours to introduce you to the capital area.
- Ottawa Walking Tours offers historical guided walks of Ottawa’s downtown core with special stops at areas of historical significance. Tours acquaint guests with the history of the city and allow visitors to learn more about Ottawa’s history, architecture and colourful political characters. Tours are offered year-round and reservations are required. For more information, call +1 613-799-1774.
- The Haunted Walk of Ottawa offers tours focusing on Ottawa’s infamous haunts and darker history. Hear tales of hauntings at some of Ottawa’s most well known locations, including the Fairmont Chateau Laurier, Bytown Museum and the Ottawa Jail Hostel. Cloaked guides lead guests through the city streets by lantern light-the perfect atmosphere for a good ghost story. Tours run year-round, rain or shine. Reservations are strongly recommended. For more information, call +1 613-232-0344.
If you enjoy the outdoors, especially if you are a cyclist, you should definitely visit Gatineau Park just across the river from Ottawa. Bicycles can be rented during the summer months at Rentabike, 2 Rideau St (under Rideau St on the east side of the canal). Ottawa and the surrounding area boasts over 170 km of public paved trails on which you can run, bike, walk or rollerblade. If you are looking for a place to start, head to the nearest waterway: paved trails line both sides of the Ottawa River, the Rideau Canal, and the Rideau River. The Trans Canada Trail enters Ottawa through the outskirt communities of Carleton Place and Stittsville, then joins up with the Ottawa River at Brittania Bay (near Carling Avenue at Bayshore Drive). It follows the river 13 km east to Parliament Hill, then crosses over to the Quebec side, extending into and beyond Gatineau Park.
- Rideau Skateway. In winter, go skating on the largest outdoor skating rink in the world, the Rideau canal. Skates can be rented, and refreshments purchased, from vendors right on the ice. This is also a great place to enjoy a “beaver tail” (a sweet pastry). free, skates can be rented..
- Skiing. The city’s trail system serves as an excellent cross-country ski trail system, as do the nearly 200 km of groomed ski trails in Gatineau Park. Downhill skiing is available across the river in three near-by sites: Camp Fortune (180 m vertical), Edelweiss (200 m vertical) and Mont Cascades (165 m vertical).
- Yoga on the Hill. During the summer months, a free weekly yoga class is offered on Parliament Hill most Wednesdays beginning at noon. The class is very popular—sometimes attracting more than a thousand people—so it’s recommended to arrive a bit early to claim a spot on the grass. Yoga mat recommended but optional.
- Maple Syrup. In early spring (typically March), when the daytime temperatures are above freezing and night temperatures are below freezing, consider visiting a sugarbush for fresh maple syrup. There are many to choose from in the region if you have a car to drive out of the city.
- Vanier Museopark Sugar Shack, 200- 300, avenue des Pères Blancs, Vanier. Saturday to Sunday 9AM-2PM, March and April only. The Vanier Museopark’s “Sugar Shack” offers the sugarbush experience without needing to leave the city. Reservations can be made at the website.
- Doors Open Ottawa. Doors Open Ottawa, the second-largest Doors Open architectural event in North America, takes place during the first weekend in June. Over 100 buildings (many of which are normally closed to the public, such as embassies, official residences, museum storage buildings, and city infrastructure facilities) open their doors to the public, offering free admission to part or all of the premises. Most participating buildings also allow photography. While the event takes place Saturday and Sunday from 10AM to 4PM, not all buildings are open both days.
Day trips to Québec
Since Ottawa is located on the provincial border, daytrips to neighbouring Québec can be made easily.
- Gatineau – Right across the Ottawa River. The Canadian Museum of History is worth a visit. The nightlife in the Old Hull neighbourhood is often considered superior to Ottawa’s, with a handful of loud clubs but also a decent offering of artistic cafés with good local live music.
- Gatineau Park is directly north from Hull; the Camp Fortune and Edelweiss ski areas are also north of the city, near Chelsea and Wakefield respectively. Wakefield is a picturesque artist town on the side of the Gatineau River. Rich with cultural offerings and beautiful natural surroundings (especially in autumn).
- Buckingham is downriver from Gatineau in the east, as one of the more accessible venues for rural maple sugar shack camps.
- Aventure Laflèche. A superb destination for outdoor activities in the Gatineau Hills year-round. A community-owned non-profit company that offers beautiful nature trails, tours of the historical Laflèche caves, and the province’s largest aerial park for the adventurous (includes several ziplines). Calling ahead for reservations is strongly recommended.
- Eco-Odyssée. Another great option for nature lovers close to Wakefield. A water maze that’s great for learning about the local marsh environments.
- Great Canadian Bungee. For the adventure-inclined.
Ottawa has many movie theatres to choose from, but there are also a few that specialize in “foreign” films (i.e., not American), early releases, old returning films and specialty films. The Bytowne Cinema is on Rideau Street near King Edward. The Mayfair Theatre is at 1074 Bank St. near Sunnyside. In addition, the Canadian Film Institute screens films at several venues for the specialist film crowd.
Ottawa has lots of live theatre entertainment. That includes the National Arts Centre in English and French, the Great Canadian Theatre Company and the Ottawa Little Theatre.
- The National Arts Centre, 1 Elgin St, , toll-free: . Also provides a major venue for dance and orchestral performance.
- The Great Canadian Theatre Company (GCTC), 1233 Wellington St W (corner of Holland).
- Ottawa Little Theatre, 400 King Edward Ave (one block south of Rideau).
Jazz and blues lovers can find what they are looking for in these Ottawa music calendars: jazz shows and blues-jazz calendar. Venues include Vineyards in the Byward Market, GigSpace near Little Italy, and the Options Jazz Lounge in the Brookstreet Hotel (in Kanata). Many other venues offer jazz weekly or occasionally; see this club list. Find Blues at the Rainbow in the Byward Market and Irene’s Pub in the Glebe.
For Folk music, see the Ottawa Folk Music Events listings.
Ottawa is host to over 60 festivals and events per year, including:
- Ottawa Jazz Festival. In late June.
- Ottawa International Chamber Music Festival. In summer, one of the largest in the world
- Bluesfest. Also in summer: The largest blues festival in Canada. It also features rock, pop and world music, and attracts visitors from Atlantic Canada and New England.
- The Fringe Festival. Another summer offering.
- Winterlude. Winter fun featuring ice carving and snow sculptures
- The Tulip Festival. A spring bonanza of flowering bulbs, given annually by the Dutch government, and a concert series featuring well-known Canadian rock and other popular music groups.
- Ferrari Festival. In June, on Preston Street.
- Canada Day. Celebrate Canada’s birthday in Ottawa on July 1.
- Pirate Adventurs, 588 hog’s back road. June-Oct. Join the swashbuckling crew of Pirate Adventures for an interactive theatre and cruise along the Rideau Canal at Mooney’s Bay. Pirate costumes, face paint and new pirate names for all as the captain and his crew hunt for sunken treasure whilst fending of mischievous pirates!
The two best known universities in the city are Carleton University and the bilingual University of Ottawa. Bilingual St. Paul’s University is a Catholic university with ties to the University of Ottawa, offering various degrees in theology and social sciences. Dominican University College is a Dominican university where theology and philosophy can be studied at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels, also in English or French. There is also Algonquin College and the francophone Cité Collégiale.
- Algonquin College of Applied Arts and Technology, 1385 Woodroffe Avenue (Take the transitway to Baseline Station, and walk across Woodroffe Ave.).
- Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive (The OTrain “Trillium” line stops on-campus).
- Dominican University College (Dominican College of Philosophy and Theology), 96 Empress Ave (just north of Chinatown). A Roman Catholic college of philosophy and theology, affiliated with Carleton University since 2012.
- La Cité collégiale, 801 Aviation Parkway, , toll-free: . The largest French-language college in Ontario.
- Saint Paul University, 223 Main Street, , toll-free: . A bilingual Catholic Pontifical university, federated with the University of Ottawa.
- University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Tabaret Hall, 75 Laurier Avene East (The Transitway has a stop on-campus), , toll-free: , fax: .
The Federal Government is the region’s largest employer with the high-tech sector firmly in second place. Unless you are a Canadian resident, you will need a work visa to work in Ottawa, and some Federal Government jobs require Canadian citizenship. Most Federal Government jobs require applicants to be bilingual in English and French.
- ByWard Market (downtown, located east of the Canal and Sussex Drive, north of Rideau). Among other things, this is a farmer’s market; in summer, stalls selling fresh produce and flowers line the streets, and maple syrup bought here costs half the price of souvenir shops elsewhere in the city. It is also a craft and tourist market with a range of shops and the city’s busiest entertainment district with restaurants, pubs, bars and many street performers. Interesting to see it first during the day (when it’s a shopping destination) and then in the evening (when it’s a nightlife destination).
- Sparks Street. A pleasant pedestrian street one block off Parliament Hill; a common tourist thoroughfare for seeing the sights. Along this street you’ll find the majority of the tourist shops selling postcards, magnets, and maple syrup. The Astrolabe Gallery, located on this street, is a treasure trove of antique maps and vintage posters. There are several outdoor cafés and restaurants to choose from.
- Westboro Village. A stretch along Richmond Road in the “near west” of Ottawa from Golden east to Tweedsmuir has become a popular tourism and shopping zone with several outdoor stores (clothing and equipment), restaurants and coffee shops. Notable shops include the Mountain Equipment Coop, Ten Thousand Villages, Starbucks, Bridgehead (fair trade coffee), Kitchenalia, a chocolatier and several others.
- Bank Street Promenade. Great mix of stores ranging from chain restaurants to specialty shops. District extends from Wellington St to Gladstone Ave.
- Wellington West. Wellington West is the commercial district of Hintonburg and Wellington Village, located in the west end between Little Italy and Westboro. It is home to independent businesses in Ottawa, such as boutiques, restaurants and food shops, and local art galleries, as well as the Parkdale Market. Notable shops include Hintonburger, Suzy Q, Elmdale Tavern and several others.
Larger shopping malls include the Rideau Centre (downtown), St. Laurent Shopping Centre (East Central), Place D’Orleans (East End), the Bayshore Shopping Centre and Carlingwood Mall (West End).
The last Saturday in May, Ottawa’s Glebe neighbourhood hosts the annual Great Glebe Garage Sale. Hundreds of residents set up tables in their garages or on their lawns and sell used goods ranging from household knick-knacks to electronics to clothing. Businesses in the area also hold sidewalk sales, and vendors sell artwork, baking, and refreshments. Driving and parking during the sale itself is unnecessary and nearly impossible. Arrive on foot or park and walk into the neighbourhood. For parking, and for the best deals (especially on larger items like furniture), arrive early. The event is bustling by 8AM but continues well into the afternoon. Vendors are encouraged to donate a portion of their proceeds to the Ottawa Food Bank.
Ethnic foods from around the world are available at a wide variety of restaurants and street vendors throughout the city. The Byward Market area has a wide selection of different cuisines; the Chinatown area is along Somerset West (#2 bus from downtown) between Bronson Ave. and Preston St; Little Italy runs along the length of Preston Street, from Carling Avenue to Albert Street (#2 to Somerset & Preston or #3 along Preston).
- BeaverTails, 69 George Street. Su-W 10AM-8PM, Th 10AM-11PM, F-Sa 10AM-midnight. Try the tasty BeaverTail, a fried-dough pastry associated with Ottawa, although a number of places claim to have created it. It’s available in sweet and savoury versions, topped with cinnamon, sugar, icing sugar, etc. In the winter, many places will offer it on the canal. During the summer, the only places downtown to offer it are in the Byward Market on George St., and a small counter in a corner of the Canadian Museum of History. There are a variety of toppings and the taste of the beaver tail stands out more with the classic sugar & cinnamon. However, the locals’ favourite is the Killaloe Sunrise, a topping of cinnamon sugar and lemon juice.
Try a poutine from Smoke’s Poutinerie, or a shawarma from one of the many around the city.
Coffee shops are found throughout the city, and include dozens of two specialty chains Second Cup and Starbucks, in addition to the mainstream Tim Horton’s (seemingly planted at every intersection). Bridgehead is a fair trade coffee house and can be found at a half dozen or so locations. Try their small double shot lattes, which are significantly better than their competitors’. There are several coffee houses in Little Italy, on Preston Street. One of the most popular, Pasticceria Gelateria Italiana (200 Preston Street, +1 613-594-5303), also houses an award-winning pastry shop. Bar Robo on Somerset St under the Chinatown arch offers locally-roasted coffee during the day, along with fresh croissants and donuts.
Ottawa has a lot of Halal shawarma (kebab and fixings in pita bread) restaurants and most of them will serve up a great shawarma for around $5. Their busy times are typically weekdays at lunch-hour, and on weekends after the bars close. The Byward Market and Elgin St. have several restaurants to choose from. Shawarma Palace, on Rideau St and in several suburban locations, are another popular choice.
- Jadeland, 625 Somerset Street West (near Percy Street, east of the core Chinatown). Su-Th 11AM-11PM, F-Sa 11AM-midnight.
- For Indian, there is Rose’s Cafe (in the Byward Market and one on Gladstone), but also try Curries (Gloucester and O’Connor, between Bank and Elgin near the business district). Or Moni Mahal (closed down in 2015) on Laurier Street (business district, near Parliament Hill) for a large buffet with tons of vegetarian and vegan options (well-labeled). For a somewhat higher-end buffet experience, yet authentic, try Host India on Montreal Road. For Indian food from Kerala state, try Coconut Lagoon on St. Laurent Blvd. (in the same price range as Host India), ranked #1 on Food Network’s “10 Popular Indian Restaurants in Canada”.
- Rose’s Café Also, 349 Dalhousie Street (ByWard Market).
- India Curry House, 114 Gloucester Street (Gloucester and O’Connor, between Bank and Elgin near the business district).
- Host India, 622 Montreal Road (two blocks west of the Montfort Hospital).
- Coconut Lagoon, 853 St. Laurent Boulevard (just north of McArthur). Coconut Lagoon serves Kerala cuisine, subtly different from other South Indian styles (although people kept asking for Butter Chicken so it’s on the menu as well). The restaurant’s executive chef and owner Joe Thottungal took the silver medal at the Canadian Culinary Championships in 2017, and the gold medal at the Gold Medal Plates Culinary Competition 2016. There are vegan-friendly dishes on the menu.
Vegetarian and vegan
- CafeMyHouse, 1729 Bank St. At offers vegan friendly cuisine and is located within 10 minutes of the airport and of the train station. The restaurant specializes in brunch and lunch options, and average around $15 a meal.
- Govinda’s Restaurant, 212 Somerset St. E (just E of King Edward, off the University of Ottawa campus). Monday to Friday 5PM–8PM, Su yoga festival 5PM–8PM. offers a simple vegan buffet. The best cheap eats in town. Operated by ISCKON (Hare Krishna movement). $5-7 per person.
- The Green Door, 198 Main St, , fax: . Tu–Su 11AM–9PM. At offers a vegetarian and vegan buffet and is the oldest vegetarian restaurant in Ottawa. It offers private and communal tables.
- Perfection-Satisfaction-Promise, 167 Laurier Ave E. (Near University of Ottawa, Sandy Hill). M-Tu 8AM-8PM, W 8AM-5PM, Th-F 8AM-8PM, Sa 4PM-9PM. Fully vegetarian with a great vegan selection. “Unquestionably some of the best vegetarian food in the city” – Ottawa Xpress, 2007. $6.50-12.00.
- Pure Kitchen Ottawa, 357 Richmond Road. Hip restaurant serving vegetarian and vegan food. Wraps, burgers, rice bowls, salads. Bar offers juice, beer, wine. Reservations only for parties of 6 or more. Second location in Centretown at 340 Elgin Street.
- So Good Restaurant, 717 Somerset Street West (2 blocks West of Bronson). Has a separate vegetarian menu (dishes are also vegan unless stated) and there are many choices. Try anything “Wu Se” (peanut sauce). $10.
- The Table, 1230 Wellington Street West (across the road from the GCTC). M–F 11AM–9PM, Sa–Su 11:30AM–9PM. In the Westboro neighbourhood, also offers a vegetarian buffet with many vegan options. Meals are priced by weight. by weight, $12 or so for a full plate.. Where to stay in Ottawa
- Barefoot Hostel, 455 Cumberland St. A clean, modern hostel located downtown. Included for use is a mini-kitchen, back patio with lounge chairs, common room with a huge HDTV, computer (with internet), free WiFi, plush bed linens, lockers and three shared bathrooms. Rates start at $29/night/per person and you can book online. Make sure to check their website or Twitter page for promotions.
- Ottawa Backpackers Inn, 203 York Street, , toll-free: . Part of Backpackers Hostels Canada, includes kitchen, free wireless internet and free coffee/tea. In a converted house into hostel, in the market block. The staff and the atmosphere are very friendly. Allergy warning: they have a cat $25/night for regular dorm beds, more for semi-private and private rooms.
- Ottawa Jail Hostel, 75 Nicholas Street (across the street from the Rideau Centre), , toll-free: , fax: . A member of Hostelling International, this hostel is in the old Ottawa Jail; the bedrooms are actually old jail cells. Most rooms have shared washrooms. It’s close to the Byward Market and downtown. Tours available. Breakfast of coffee, tea, bagels, fruit included. $29/dorm for HI members, $34 for non. Single cells $38/40. Double rooms $93/$103.
- Albert at Bay Suite Hotel, 435 Albert Street (corner of Bay St.). The building is nicely located downtown within easy walking distance of the main attractions, shops and restaurants. The hotel itself is a converted apartment building where you’ll find large one and two bedrooms suites. Rates range from $119/night to $229/night for the one and two bedroom suites respectively.
- Auberge King Edward Bed and Breakfast, 525 King Edward Avenue (downtown beside the University of Ottawa and a 5 minute walk from the Rideau Canal). Well-preserved Victorian architecture packed with character. Free parking and WiFi. $105–135 (plus taxes).
- Australis Guest House, 89 Goulburn Avenue. Check-in: 1PM/flexible, check-out: 11AM. Run by an Australian expat, this 2-room B&B gets praise for fresh-cooked breakfast. Located about 1km east of Byward Market, 2 km east of Parliament Hill. Free Wifi. Limited parking available, ask. $109-129.
- Avalon Bed and Breakfast, 539 Besserer St (Near Rideau and Charlotte). Check-in: 1PM, check-out: 11AM. A well-reviewed downtown Ottawa bed-and-breakfast. Turn of the century home with modern decor. A 15-minute walk to the Byward Market. Free parking and WiFi. $95-145.
- Best Western Victoria Park Suites, 377 O’Connor Street (near Elgin Street, downtown near the Museum of Nature). $100.
- ByWard Blue Inn, 157 Clarence Street, toll-free: . A B&B hotel in the picturesque Byward Market with refrigerators, microwaves, private balconies. $150-200, parking $8-15/day.
- Cartier Place Suite Hotel, 180 Cooper Street. Features unique pet friendly downtown suite lodging accommodations minutes from Parliament Hill. Discover unique studios, one or two bedrooms, and VIP suites with Jacuzzis, close to tourist attractions.
- Comfort Inn Ottawa West (Kanata), 222 Hearst Way (20 min from Downtown, Highway #417, Exit 138 Eagleson Road), , fax: . Check-in: 11AM, check-out: 3PM. Offers guests free breakfast, free parking, and free internet.
- Courtyard by Marriott Ottawa East, 200 Coventry Road (off of Highway 417). Complimentary high speed internet access & complimentary parking. 395 guest rooms, each with wet bar. Indoor pool, whirlpool, 24-hour exercise room, 24-hour business centre and The Market is also open 24 hours. Bistro and meeting facilities on-site.
- Novotel Hotel, 33 Nicholas Street (located across the street from the east side of the Rideau Centre on Nicholas Street), , toll-free: , fax: . Modern hotel with an emphasis on energy conservation. Modern restaurant and banquet facilities. This location has free internet kiosks in the main lobby open to the public. $188/night.
- Sheraton Ottawa Hotel, 150 Albert St (Downtown). Check-in: 3PM, check-out: noon. Sheraton Ottawa Hotel is located in the heart of downtown – steps from Parliament Hill, the National Gallery, and other major attractions. Each room features the signature Sheraton Sweet Sleeper bed, and the Link@Sheraton lobby connectivity hub offers complimentary internet and PC workstation use. From $109.
- Shirley Samantha’s Bed & Breakfast, 28 Carlotta Avenue (From Hwy. 417 take Exit 117 Vanier Parkway; north on Vanier Parkway to McArthur Avenue, left on McArthur to Marguerite Avenue, left on Marguerite. Then right on Carlotta Avenue.). Check-in: as arranged, check-out: 11AM. On a quiet residential street, within walking distance from downtown and half a block from the Rideau River cycling/walking path. Two queen-bedded rooms, one with ensuite, the other with private bath. Centrally air conditioned, complimentary parking, snacks and WiFi. Delicious breakfasts featuring home baking. $70-120 per night.
- Swiss Hotel, 89 Daly Avenue (Located Downtown Ottawa, at the corner of Daly and Cumberland.), , toll-free: . A charming, cozy, 22-room hotel located in the heart of Ottawa. The Inn was built in 1872 from limestone in a 19th-century Vernacular Classical Revival. Swiss Hotel offers traditional Swiss hospitality with modern comfort. Free Wi-Fi throughout the hotel, rooms are equipped with iPads. Optional healthy buffet breakfast is offered daily with Bircher-Muesli and fresh ground Swiss espresso. $117-228/night depending on room quality and timing.
- University of Ottawa, 90 University Private. From May to August, university housing is offered as hotel-like guest rooms in one of its newer housing complexes. Rideau double room $130; 90U suite with bath $120; dorm with shared bath, $40.
- Delta Ottawa City Centre, 101 Lyon Street North. Check-in: 3.00, check-out: 12.00. Sleek 1967 modernist hotel tower on the quieter west side of the city centre, within walking distance of most major sites, and with good access to public transport. Rate includes wireless Internet access. Underground parking available on-site at an additional cost of $22/day.
- Andaz Ottawa, 325 Dalhousie Street. Check-in: 12:00 pm, check-out: 10:00 am. Owned by Hyatt, extremely well located, otherwise unremarkable. $150.
- Arc, Slater Street (near Parliament Hill). A trendy boutique hotel with prices to match its style.
- The Brookstreet. In Kanata is a newer luxury hotel and resort popular with technology companies and visiting sports teams. Facilities include a full-service spa with 11 treatment rooms, a championship golf course (The Marshes), a European PGA-approved short course (Marchwood), a four-diamond restaurant (Perspectives) and a fitness studio with whirlpools, steam rooms and indoor and outdoor pools.
- Fairmont Chateau Laurier (near Parliament Hill). The city’s grand old hotel: its oldest and most famous luxury hotel as well as one of its landmarks. Rooms facing west overlook the Rideau Canal locks and have stellar views of the Parliament buildings. This hotel once housed the offices of CBC Radio in Ottawa and the studio of well-known portrait photographer Yousuf Karsh. Several framed Karsh photographs are hung in the hotel lounge. His (and his wife’s) home suite is now available for guests and displays a small sampling of framed prints on the walls.
- Lord Elgin. Centrally located on Elgin Street across from the National Arts Centre, a stone’s throw from Parliament Hill, and one of Ottawa’s two classic hotels (the other being the Chateau Laurier). While it has “splurge” rates, most rooms are reasonably priced. Good value, and a Starbucks off the lobby.
- The Ottawa Marriott Hotel, 100 Kent St (near Parliament Hill), , toll-free: . The Ottawa Marriott Hotel is in downtown Ottawa one block from the Parliament Buildings and steps away from museums and shopping. This Ottawa hotel includes a revolving restaurant, Kids’ Zone, an indoor pool, sauna and fitness centre. From $154.
- The Westin Ottawa, 11 Colonel By Dr (near Parliament Hill), toll-free: . Check-in: 3pm, check-out: noon. This newly renovated hotel is also connected to the Rideau Centre and the Ottawa Convention Centre by a walkway. It is steps from Parliament Hill and the Byward market and each of the 496 rooms features the ten-layer Heavenly Bed. Rates start at $159/night.
Telecommunications in Ottawa
The area codes for Ottawa are 613 and the overlay code 343. Hull (819, overlaid with 873) has the full Ottawa local calling area. Ten-digit dialling (area code+local number) is required for all local calls.
Most coffee shops, hotels, and public library branches have free wi-fi Internet access, although the speeds may be slower than you’re accustomed to. There are internet cafes throughout the city.
Stay safe and avoid Scams in Ottawa
Ottawa is a very safe place to live and visit, so if you use common sense it is at least as safe as any other city. There are many visitors in the city, especially in summer months, and there are very few incidents of robbery or assault.
There have been incidents on buses and at transit stations of violence and swarmings/robberies, even during daytime hours. OC Transpo has hired new constables and placed plainclothes security and cameras on select buses and trains to counter the problem. Use common sense, especially when riding at night, every transit station has multiple emergency call boxes. After dark, take extra care in areas near downtown such as Lowertown, and also Hintonburg, Vanier, Bayshore, Ledbury, Heatherington, Caldwell and South Keys. These neighbourhoods are known to have gang presence and drug problems. The section of Rideau Street between Sussex Drive and King Edward Avenue is infamous for homeless people and panhandlers (they’ll thank you and wish you a good day, even when you don’t give), though this rarely causes problems for anyone. Ottawa is generally very safe, but like any other city it has bad apples.
Ottawa is the fourth coldest capital city by annual average temperature, but it has the second coldest January, only topped by Ulan Bator, Mongolia. Add to that nearly 3 m (10′) of snow per average winter and throw in an ice storm from time to time, winter can be a challenge but locals do a great job of handling it particularly with recreation. Summers are (normally) short, hot and humid. Humidity in the summer can make the heat feel quite aggressive, while in the winter, humidity, coupled with wind chills, can make the cold feel very brutal. Dress for the weather and don’t forget to cover your head and ears with a warm hat. Ottawa is not a very fashion-minded city, but in winter, everyone throws in the towel.
Embassies and High Commissions
- Albania, 130 Albert St, Ste 302, , fax: .
- Argentina, 81 Metcalfe St, , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Monday to Friday 9AM-5PM.
- Armenia, 7 Delaware Ave, , fax: .
- Australia, 50 O’Connor St, Ste 710, , fax: .
- Austria, 445 Wilbrod St, , fax: .
- Azerbaijan, 275 Slater St, Ste 904, , fax: .
- Bangladesh, Suite 1100, 350 Sparks St, , fax: , ✉ email@example.com.
- Belarus, 130 Albert St, Ste 600, , fax: .
- Belgium, 360 Albert St, Ste 820, , fax: .
- Bolivia, 130 Albert St, , fax: . Monday to Friday 8:30AM-4:30PM.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina, 130 Albert St, Ste 805, , fax: .
- Bulgaria, 325 Stewart St, , fax: .
- Chile, Suite 1413, 50 O’Connor St, , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org.
- China, 515 St. Patrick St, , fax: .
- Colombia, Suite 1002, 260 Albert St, , ✉ email@example.com.
- Costa Rica, Suite 701, 350 Sparks St, , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Croatia, 229 Chapel St, , fax: .
- Cuba, 388 Main St, , fax: . Tu-F 9AM-1PM.
- Czech Republic, 251 Cooper St, , fax: .
- Denmark, 47 Clarence St, , fax: .
- Dominican Republic, Suite 301, 121 Richmond St West, , fax: . Monday to Friday 8AM-3PM.
- Ecuador, Suite 230, 99 Bank St, , fax: , ✉ email@example.com.
- Egypt, 454 Laurier Avenue East, Ottawa, , fax: . 9AM-4PM.
- Estonia, 260 Dalhousie St, Ste 210, , fax: .
- Finland, 55 Metcalfe St, Ste 850, , fax: . M-Th 9AM-noon, 1PM-3PM; F 9AM-11:30AM.
- France, 42 Sussex Dr, , fax: .
- Germany, 1 Waverley St, , fax: .
- Greece, 80 MacLaren St, , fax: .
- Guyana, 151 Slater St, Ste 309, , fax: .
- Hungary, 299 Waverley St, , fax: .
- Iceland, 360 Albert St, Ste 710, , fax: .
- India, 10 Springfield Road, , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Indonesia, 55 Parkdale Avenue.
- Ireland, 130 Albert St, Ste 1105, , fax: .
- Italy, 275 Slater St, 21F, , fax: .
- Jamaica, 151 Slater St, Ste 1000, , fax: .
- Japan, 255 Sussex Dr.
- Latvia, 350 Sparks St, Ste 1200, , fax: .
- Lithuania, 150 Metcalfe St, Ste 1600, , fax: .
- Macedonia, 130 Albert St, Ste 1006, , fax: .
- Mauritius, 2918 Southmore Dr E, , fax: .
- Mexico, Suite 1000, 45 O’Connor St, , fax: , ✉ email@example.com. Monday to Friday 9AM-5PM.
- Morocco, 38 Range Road. Monday to Friday 9AM-4PM.
- Netherlands, 350 Albert St, Ste 2020, , fax: .
- New Zealand, 99 Bank St, Ste 727, , fax: .
- Nigeria, 295 Metcalfe St, , fax: .
- Norway, Suite 1300, 150 Metcalfe St, , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Monday to Friday 9AM-3PM.
- Pakistan, 10 Range Road, , fax: , ✉ email@example.com.
- Panama, Suite 300, 130 Albert St.
- Paraguay, 161 Slater St, , fax: . Monday to Friday 9AM-4PM.
- Peru, Suite 1901, 130 Albert St.
- Philippines, 30 Murray Street, , fax: .
- Portugal, 645 Island Park Dr, , fax: . Monday to Friday 9AM-1PM, admission by appointment only (email for appointment).
- Romania, 655 Rideau St, , fax: .
- Russia, 285 Charlotte St, , fax: .
- Saint Lucia. Saint Lucian consular service is provided from their office in Toronto.
- South Africa, 15 Sussex Dr, , fax: .
- South Korea, 150 Boteler St. M–F 9AM-12PM, 1PM-5PM.
- Spain, 74 Stanley Ave, , fax: .
- Sri Lanka, Suite 1204, 333 Laurier Ave, , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Monday to Friday 9AM-4:45PM.
- Sweden, 377 Dalhousie St, , fax: , ✉ email@example.com. Monday to Friday 9AM-noon.
- Switzerland, 5 Marlborough Ave, , fax: .
- Syria, 46 Cartier St.
- Trinidad and Tobago, 200 First Ave, , fax: .
- Turkey, 197 Wurtemburg St, , fax: .
- Ukraine, 310 Somerset St W, , fax: .
- United Kingdom, 80 Elgin St, , fax: .
- United States, 490 Sussex Dr, , fax: .
- Uruguay, Suite 901, 350 Sparks St, , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Venezuela, 32 Range Road.
- Vietnam, 55 MacKay St, , fax: . Monday to Friday 9:30AM-5PM.
- Zambia, 151 Slater St, , ✉ email@example.com.
- Zimbabwe, 332 Somerset St W, , fax: . M-Th 9AM-4PM, F 9AM-1PM. The Embassy of Zimbabwe in Ottawa.
Just across the river from Ottawa is the city of Gatineau, which has the stunning Canadian Museum of History and some mighty good restaurants too. It is the centre of the Outaouais region which includes the lovely village of Wakefield, and Gatineau Park with its high cliffs and deep, clear lakes. A little further west is the Pontiac where you will find small rural towns and rafting expeditions. There is a bus service from Ottawa and Gatineau to the Pontiac. You can cycle from Quyon to Pembroke on 72 km of railway bed turned into a bike trail. Stop by the Shawville Fair in late August/early September.
To the south and east of Ottawa is a large flat rural area consisting mostly of small commuter towns, agricultural villages, and the occasional woodland. This lowland stretches all the way to Montreal and the United States border, hundreds of km away. The Rideau Canal runs through it. Among the many scenic towns are Merrickville, which has a good claim to the name “Canada’s prettiest village,” and Perth with its mills and heritage buildings.
Going west beyond Kanata, the village of Carp (about 40 minutes away, in West Carleton) houses the surreal Cold War “Central Emergency Government Headquarters” (the Diefenbunker), now a museum. Beyond that is the Ottawa Valley region, towns and farms, then the Madawaska Highlands wilderness area starting about 90 km from Ottawa. In that area is Calabogie, a ski resort in winter and lake resort in summer. A little further on is another wilderness recreation area, Algonquin Provincial Park.
Beyond the Ottawa region lie other Canadian cities, such as:
- Montreal, the largest city in Quebec and the largest French-speaking city outside of Europe, is 200 km east.
- Toronto, Canada’s largest city, is about 500 km to the southwest.
- Kingston, about 200 km to the southwest, on the way to Toronto. A university town with historic limestone buildings.